Pantanal

pantanal

What is a Pantanal landschap?

Het Pantanal landschap bestaat uit een verscheidenheid aan riviergangen, beekbegeleidende bossen, langdurig bestaande wetlands en meren en tijdelijk overstroomde graslanden en bossen. Daarnaast bevindt de bovenloop van de twee grote rivieren de Cuiabá en de Paraguay zich hier.

What are the two major rivers in Pantanal?

The headwaters of the regions two major river systems, the Cuiabá and the Paraguay rivers, are located here, and the abundance and diversity of its vegetation and animal life are spectacular. Laire de conservation du Pantanal comporte quatre aires protégées dune superficie totale de 187 818 ha.

What is the ecological gradient of the Pantanal?

This ecological gradient is unique to the whole Pantanal region and offers a dramatic landscape. Located between the river basins of Cuiabá and Paraguay, the site plays a key role in the spreading of nutritive materials during flooding as well as in the maintenance of fish stocks in the Pantanal.

What is the hydrographic network of the Pantanal?

The hydrographic network permits the migration of species between the river basins forming the Pantanal, where a vast diversity of fish transit during their initial growing stage. These water courses also play a central role in diversing nutrients to the entire basin.

Where is the Pantanal and why is it important?

Firstly let’s take a look at where the Pantanal is. The Pantanal extends some 150,000 sq km through the heart of South America, crossing central-western Brazil, and spilling over the border into Bolivia and Paraguay. The Pantanal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the biggest tropical wetland in the world.

What are the characteristics of Pantanal lowlands?

The Pantanal lowlands can be categorized into the wetland category, although the bordering areas consist mainly of grasslands and tropical forests. During the wet season, when these surrounding areas are also flooded, the Pantanal reaches such a size that it becomes the largest wetland in recorded history.

How big is the Pantanal?

At 42 million acres, the Pantanal covers an area slightly larger than nine U.S. states and sprawls across three countries—Bolivia, Brazil, and Paraguay. While not as globally familiar as the Amazon to the north, the Pantanal is one of the most biologically rich environments on the planet with more than 4,700 plant and animal species.

What is the Pantanal wetland in Brazil?

The Pantanal is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and the biggest tropical wetland in the world. During the summer rainy season, rivers break their banks and flood the surrounding lowlands. This creates a stunning patchwork of shallow lakes, marshes, grasslands and forests. Water lilies in the Pantanal Wetlands in Brazil. © Markus Mauthe / Greenpeace

How does the Pantanal affect the ecosystem?

These events could affect the Pantanal´s ecosystem functioning, amplifying and worsening human modifications of hydrological and environmental conditions in the basin. A portion of the Pantanal in Brazil has been protected as the Pantanal Matogrossense National Park.

What is the Pantanal in geography?

Geology, geography and ecology. The extent of the Pantanal in Brazil, Bolivia, and Paraguay. The Pantanal is a huge, gently-sloped basin that receives runoff from the upland areas (the Planalto highlands) and slowly releases the water through the Paraguay River and tributaries.

How many subregional ecosystems exist in the Pantanal?

Various subregional ecosystems exist, each with distinct hydrological, geological and ecological characteristics; up to 12 of them have been defined. Roughly 80% of the Pantanal floodplains are submerged during the rainy seasons, nurturing a biologically diverse collection of aquatic plants and helping to support a dense array of animal species.

What type of soil does the Pantanal river have?

Soils range from high levels of sand in higher areas to higher amounts of clay and silt in riverine areas. Elevation of the Pantanal ranges from 80 to 150 m (260 to 490 ft) above sea level. Annual rainfall over the flood basin is between 1,000 and 1,500 mm (39 and 59 in), with most rainfall occurring between November and March.

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